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2019, Cilt 49, Sayı 1, Sayfa(lar) 001-010
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The Relationship Between Tuberculosis and TLR Gene Polymorphisms
Reika Dilara Vaizoğlu, Ceren Acar
İnönü Üniversitesi Fen-Edebiyat Fakültesi Moleküler Biyoloji ve Genetik Bölümü, Malatya, Türkiye
Keywords: Tuberculosis, TLR, genotyping

Tuberculosis, one of the major health problems in the world, causes many deaths every year. According to the 2018 World Health Organization (WHO) report, 6.7 million new tuberculosis cases were reported in 2017. The disease can remain in the latent phase for a very long time after infecting the affected individual. While some of the infected people contract the disease, while the others never develop the disease; even about 90% of the contracted people improve and get well by the immune system’s response. As in many infectious diseases, the difference between the number of infected people and the number of people with the disease is due differences in balance between the host defense and the virulence of the organism. In the studies conducted; this difference was mostly attributed to the state of the immune system of the host, but this is not accepted as an adequate response. With these terms, the genetic basis of the response to infectious agents needs to be investigated in order to understand the relationship between infectious diseases and the host. In this review we have summarized the studies on the effect of polymorphisms of TLR genes which are involved in the immune response and the susceptibility to Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

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