Ana Sayfa | Dergi Hakkında | Yayın Kurulu | Telif Hakkı Devir Formu | İçindekiler | Arşiv | Yayın Arama | Yazarlara Bilgi | İletişim  
2013, Cilt 43, Sayı 2, Sayfa(lar) 056-066
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Seasonal Distribution of the Respiratory Tract Viruses in Turkey Between 2009-2012
Fatma BAYRAKDAR, A.Başak ALTAŞ, Gülay KORUKLUOĞLU
Türkiye Halk Sağlığı Kurumu, Mikrobiyoloji Referans Laboratuvarları Daire Başkanlığı, Ulusal Viroloji Referans Merkez Laboratuvarı, Ulusal İnfluenza Merkezi ve Solunum Yolu Virüsleri Ünitesi, Ankara
Keywords: Respiratory tract viruses, multiplex RT-PCR, seasonal distribution

Objective: Virus infections of the respiratory tract are among the common public health problems. They rapidly spread among people and cause significant morbidity and mortality. In this study it was aimed to investigate the distribution of respiratory tract viruses in Turkey according to the study years, months and patients' ages between the years 2009, and 2012.

Materials and Methods: Appropriate clinical samples submitted to our laboratory, were studied with “multiplex real-time polymerase chain reaction” (RT-PCR).

Results: Most of the respiratory tract viruses exhibited a seasonal distribution in our country. Human rhinoviruses (HRV) were detected all throughout the year. Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) activity begin in November and may persist in winter months up to the beginning of summer. Human metapneumovirus (HMPV) had a similiar distribution as RSV. Adenoviruses (AV) can be seen in the late autumn, winter and spring months. Human parainfluenza virus (HPIV) 3 could be seen all throughout the year while HPIV1 and HPIV2 were prevalent during the winter season. HPIV4 viruses can be detected during the autumn, winter and spring months. Coronaviruses (CoV) OC43, HKU and NL63 can be seen between November and July. CoV229E and human bocavirus (HboV) can be detected during the whole year. Enteroviruses (EV) and influenza virus A and B remain in the circulation during the autumn, winter and spring months.

Conclusion: This study has presented the epidemiological data related to the seasonal distribution of the respiratory tract viruses in Turkey between 2009-2012 period. Continuous surveillance of respiratory tract viruses will help to follow up their perennial, and seasonal distribution, and detect the presence of potential epidemics and pandemics in a given area.


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Ana Sayfa | Dergi Hakkında | Yayın Kurulu | Telif Hakkı Devir Formu | İçindekiler | Arşiv | Yayın Arama | Yazarlara Bilgi | İletişim