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2021, Cilt 51, Sayı 2, Sayfa(lar) 089-098
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The Dark Matter of Human Microbiota: Virobiota and Virome
Gülendam Bozdayı, Işıl Fidan
Gazi Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi, Tıbbi Mikrobiyoloji Anabilim Dalı, Tıbbi Viroloji Bilim Dalı, Ankara, Türkiye
Keywords: Virobiota, virome, disease

The viral component of the human microbiome is referred as ‘virobiota’. The virobiota is the sum of all viruses found in or on humans. The set of all genes of virobiota is referred as ‘virome’. The human virome consists of virus-derived genetic elements found in human genome constituted of viruses that infect eukaryotic cells, bacteriophages, prokaryotic cells, and, endogenous retroviruses. The development of new sequencing technologies, such as high-throughput sequencing techniques allowed the analysis of the human virome. Many new viruses have been discovered lately, using new generation sequencing technology. In recent years, there has been an increase in the studies of the human virome as changes in virome have been observed in diseases. The alterations in the human virome may be associated with infectious, inflammatory diseases, cancer and autoimmunity. The understanding of how the virome affects human health and disease can provide the development of potential therapeutic approaches that target the members of the virome.

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